Why do we say ‘tie-break’ in gymnastics?

August 2021, Tokyo Olympic Artistic Gymnastics Men’s Jump Finals. South Korea’s Shin Jae-hwan recorded an average of 14.783 points in the first and second periods, the same score as ROC (Russian Olympic Committee) Denis Ablazin by 1/1000. Later, according to the tie-break rules, Shin Jae-hwan scored 14.833 points in the second round, 0.033 more than Ablyazin’s 14.800 points, and won the gold medal. In the first period, the presentation of a skill of 6.0, which was more difficult than Ablyazin’s execution skill, was also included in the scoring criteria.
Tie-break can be translated as a tie-breaking rule in Korean. In English, it is written as ‘tie break’. This word is a compound word of ‘tie’, a noun meaning a knot, and ‘break’, a noun meaning breaking, and means to break the knot.

In general, a draw situation in which a winner cannot be decided is called ‘draw’ in English. However, if there is a tie in points, etc., it is said to be a ‘tie’. The criterion for winning in this situation is ‘tie break’.

A tie-break is a common method used in sports where there is a draw. In professional baseball, when the win or loss is the same, the ranking is determined by winning rate first, winner-to-win first, etc. In tennis, tie-break rules are stipulated in the game rules. When the match point is 6-6 or 8-8, the first player to score 7 points is the winner. This rule became universal after American tennis player James Henry Van Allen (1902-1991) first applied it to a Grand Slam tournament at the 1970 US Open.

It is presumed that the word tie-break has already been used in the American Major League since its inception in 1855. The word tiebreaker was used to mean scoring a goal to break a tie in a game. 안전놀이터

It was mainly in tennis since the 1970s that the Korean press began to use the term tie-break. The Dong-A Ilbo, April 14, 1975, published an article titled, “By type of tennis, Kim Wen-Il, Zhou Chang-gu, Wu Yuan-soo, and Park Hui-蓮’s 2nd crown king,” Jeonju High School) and Park Hye-蓮 won the doubles ceremony at the 1975 National Tennis Championships, which closed at the Busan Leopard Court on the 13th, and won two gold medals. In the men’s singles, Kim Mun-I lightly defeated Kim Seong-Wang (San Eun) with a set score of 2-0 to win the championship for the second time since 1973. After a great match against 楊正順 (Cho Heung-eun), both the first and second sets were won in tie-breaks, and I lost 2 consecutive times following last year’.

After the tie-break rule was widely enforced in tennis, the rule was introduced to prevent more than one player from tying the score in other sports or to prevent overtime periods from being too long. In gymnastics, tiebreaks for determining individual and team rankings are detailed. According to the rules of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG), if there is a tie in the preliminary round and finals of the individual event, the most difficult E-total score, A-total score, D-total score, etc. Keep it. In the team event, decisions are made according to criteria such as the group with the highest ranking and the trio with the highest ranking.

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